Student Outcome
  • -Students understanding of maintenance safety issues.
  • -Students understanding of the following: graphical instructions, plans and specifications.

Grounds Maintenance

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Video Platform Video Management Video Solutions Video Player
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  • Show Me

    Workplace Signage

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    Workplace Signage

    Safety signs are necessary for the safety of everyone at your workplace. You need to understand the signs and the consequences of not following the message.

    Signs communicate messages in three different ways:

    • Symbols only.
    • Text only.
    • Symbols and text.

    Types of Signs

    • Mandatory signs
      • You MUST do what these signs say.
      • A blue disc with a white symbol, and the word MUST.
    • Danger signs
      • Permanently displayed where conditions can be life threatening.
      • Yellow sign with black exclamation mark signals danger.
      • Signs with word DANGER in a red oval on a black background.
    • Warning and caution signs
      • Usually temporary signage.
      • Yellow signs with black text.
    • Prohibition signs
      • Shows that something is not permitted.
      • Usually a red circle with a line through it.
    • Emergency information signs
      • Shows location of safety facilities.
      • Green signs with white symbols and text.
    • Fire signs
      • Shows location of fire-fighting equipment.
      • Red signs with white symbols and text.
    • Hazchem signs
      • Displayed where chemicals are kept.
      • Designs are different from state to state.
    • Pool signs
      • Warnings signs.
      • Resuscitation signs.

    Colours of Signs

    • Red means danger.
    • Yellow means warning.
    • Blue means mandatory.
    • Green means emergency equipment.
    • Red means fire fighting equipment.


    • Rectangles or squares indicate information.
    • Triangles show warnings, indicating danger.
    • Circles mean something is enforced at this location.

    Placement of Signs

    • Must be clearly visible.
    • Must be placed near area of hazard.
    • Should not be placed on anything that moves.
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    Safe Work Methods

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    Safe Work Methods

    Job Safety Analysis (JSA) is an industry standard for controlling hazards or risks associated with workplace activities. JSAs are also known as Safe Work Method Statements.

    Controlling hazards or risks means to try and eliminate or minimise them, so as not to cause serious injuries, illnesses, or death. A JSA should be developed for jobs that are considered to be high risk or to prevent repeat accidents. New jobs should also have a JSA.


    • Identify work activities which have safety risks.
    • Describes how to carry out the work.
    • Describe control measures
      • to eliminate or minimise risks.
    • Include equipment needed and Codes of Practice.
    • Include qualifications and training needed.
    • Should be displayed in the workplace.
    • Supervisors should go through JSAs with employees.
    • Will vary from workplace to workplace.

    Standard Operation Procedures (SOP) are related to tools and equipment.


    • Provided by the manufacturer.
    • Provide safety instructions.
    • Provide instructions on how to use, clean and maintain to manufacturer's specifications.

    NOTE: You must not use any equipment unless you have been trained, you have read and understood the SOP for that equipment and you have read and understood the JSA for the job for which you will use the equipment.

    Responsibilities in an emergency

    • Your own safety.
    • The safety of others.
    • Tell supervisor.
    • Minimise the hazard.
    • If not trained to handle the situation, DON'T.
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    Graphical Instructions, Plans,

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    Instructions, Plans and Specifications

    Maintenance jobs need to be planned. You may need to work with manufacturers or local councils.

    1. Planning a flower bed
      • Choose a location.
      • Mark out the area.
      • Measure the bed and draw on paper.
      • Work out the area of the bed.
      • Consider compost or fertiliser.
      • Consider soil, light, shade.
      • Consider size and type of plants, and spacing between plants.
      • Consider conditions required.
      • Draw up plan.
    2. Installation of a water tank
      • Manufacturer's specifications will give instructions on installation.
      • Instructions must be followed in correct order.
      • Heavy equipment may be required.
      • Council approval may be needed.
      • Careful planning is required.
  • Say It

    There are 2 parts in this section.

    1. The Glossary

    The glossary lists the more difficult words related to the topic in alphabetical order. The glossary also gives the meaning for each word.

    2. Look, Cover, Write, Check!

    This activity gives you practice at remembering and writing the words from the glossary.

  • The Glossary

Check It

Check It Quiz

Click on Maintenance to begin.

  • Introduction
  • Show Me
  • Say It
  • Do It
  • Check It

Look, Cover, Write, Check!

Try to memorise the following word.
When you are ready, click the mouse in the textbox below and try to spell the word correctly.
  • caution
  • consequences
  • danger
  • eliminate
  • fertiliser
  • hazard
  • hazchem
  • maintenance
  • mandatory
  • minimise
  • mulch
  • prohibition
  • safety procedures
  • standard
  • workplace
  • job safety analysis
  • standard operating procedures

Workplace Safety Issues

Drag the sign onto the correct description:
Mandatory signs advise workers of what MUST be done.
Danger signs show conditions that MAY BE life threatening.
Prohibition signs indicate things that are NOT permitted.
Warning signs advise of a POSSIBLE hazard or risk.
Fire signs show the LOCATION of fire equipment.
Complete the crossword by using the Word List below. Click on a question to begin typing the answer.
Word List
Sort the pictures into the "Hazard" or "Not Hazard" columns.
Hazard Not Hazard
Drag each sign onto the sentence that best describes it.
Pools need safety rules or someone may get hurt.
If you dive into shallow water you may die.
Water around a pool or in the change rooms may cause you to slip and fall.
Chemicals locked in this room help keep pool water clean and fresh. These chemicals are dangerous.
All pools should have a Resuscitation sign. If you follow the instructions on this sign, you might save someone's life.

Garden Plans

The diagram shows a garden plot, which has an area that is sunny all day, and another area which gets no sun. You have large and small plants, some are full sun, and others are shade plants. Drag each plant to its correct position on the garden bed.
Full Sun Plants
Shade Plants
When planning a garden bed it is important to consider:
sunlight and size of plants.
sunlight and moonlight.
size of plants and size of pipes.
soil and paint.
Graphical instructions contain pictures. These are good because...
The pictures help us understand what to do.
The pictures are entertaining.
Putting pictures in instructions helps more artists to get jobs.
Printing costs are cheaper.
Drag and Drop to complete the following sentence.
in front of
Tall plants should always be planted
smaller plants.
Drag and Drop to complete the following sentence.
Overflow can be piped away from the tank, into a
Drag and Drop to complete the following sentence.
is the first step in making a new garden bed.
Drag and Drop to complete the following sentence.
Some soils may need to have
Try to find the following words in the find-a-word below. Click and drag to highlight the words as you find them.

Click on the (?) to reveal a word if you can't find it.